Annotated Works Cited

1.Bass, Angela, and Puck Lo. “Oakland.” Oakland North. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

In the article, Oakland’s Food Divide, the author Angela Bass explains the food desert crisis in East and West Oakland. By using reports, she is able to compare the amount of liquor stores to grocery stores to truly exemplify this issue. This source was important to our research because we used her data to highlight and depict how much liquor and convenience stores outnumber supermarkets. By using reports and references like The Hope Collaboration, Oakland’s City’s Public Safety Commission, and the Oakland City Council,  we were able to deem that Oakland North was a reliable source.

2.Bell, Ronny A. “Diabetes in African American Youth.” Diabetes Care. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2017.


The Changing Face of Oakland, talks about the history and ongoing changes communities in Oakland face. It discusses the impacts world war II, the construction of the Cypress Freeway, the Black Power Movement, and more on East and West Oakland. By educating myself on the history I was researching, I was able to empathize better and understand the oppression East and West Oakland communities have and continue to face. Although I didn’t use this source tremendously in my writing, it improved my perspective. This source was relevant to our research because it allowed us to dig deeper into what Oakland’s history is really about.

4.“Child Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments.” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

5.Christopher J. Curran and Marc-Tizoc González. “Food Justice as Interracial Justice: Urban Farmers, Community Organizations and the Role Of Government in Oakland, California.” N.p., 2011. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

6.“Definition of Community Garden.” Community Garden – Definition from N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2017.

7.East and West Oakland Health Data Existing Cumulative Health Impacts. Rep. Alameda County Health Department, 03 Sept. 2015. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

This data states that East and West Oakland is suffering from cumulative health impacts, especially low income people of color. Its research demonstrates that the majority of Oakland residents that are people of color, live in either East or West Oakland. Furthermore, shows the high rates of poverty and low health records in the same neighborhood. This research was important in our work because it specifically illustrated how segregated these communities are and suggests that poverty and health correspond to the neighborhood’s demographics. Additionally, it connected to our topic because it was data for West and East Oakland which strengthened our investigation on Oakland food deserts.

8.East Oakland Part 1. Dir. Lizbeth Lopez. Youtube. N.p., 07 Feb. 2010. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

9.Emba, Christine. “Opinion | What Is White Privilege?The Washington Post. WP Company, 16 Jan. 2016. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

This article helped me in my research because it helped me see why often times white people dismiss this issue because it doesn’t effect them. It also explains what white privilege is and what the advantages are of being white in America and how this advantage can be easily used to exploit. It is important to look at because it is one of the factors that contributes to nothing being done about food deserts. This is a reliable source because Christine Eba is a respected columnist at The Washington Post.

10.Ferdman, Robert A. “The Disturbing Ways That Fast Food Chains Disproportionately Target Black Kids.” The Washington Post. WP Company, 11 Nov. 2014. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

11.Field, Anne. “A Grocery Store In West Oakland’s Food Desert Finally Finds A Home.Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 20 Apr. 2016. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

In a Forbes article, Field interviews and investigates why it is difficult for local businesses to open grocery stores in low income neighborhoods. She found that they were 30% more expensive to create and take twice as long as those in other locations. It was relevant in our research because it helped us envision why more people didn’t open their own grocery stores. This source was useful for our point of view, however, we didn’t use this article often.

12.“Food Deserts.” Food Deserts | Food Empowerment Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

This Food Deserts article breaks down the key definitions of what food deserts are and how they impact poor communities of color. Their purpose is to inform readers on what food justice means and that healthy nutritious foods should be available to all people. Additionally, they include ways different organizations are working to combat food deserts. This source easily fit into our project because it described the outline of food deserts, why they matter, and who they impact. It is a reliable source because they reference the US Department of Agriculture and the Food Empowerment Project.

13.”Food Justice, Oakland Style with the BEETS.Community Grows. N.p., 13 Mar. 2016. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

This article is about a Community Garden in Oakland and about how it’s started off and why it’s helpful. I found it to be a very useful article because my essay was about a garden in Oakland. Learning about different organizations like this and see what they do is important to me because when I can keep my eye out for them in the future. This served as inspiration to me. This is a reliable source because it is on an official website w sources and pictures of the garden.

14.The Health Gap in Oakland. Dir. Brittany Schell. The Pulse of Oakland, May 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

This video is apart of Brittany Schell’s, Pulse of Oakland Project which clearly illustrates the disproportionate privileges a North Oakland resident has in comparison to East or West Oakland residents. She covers the surface of health, segregation, and violence in these neighborhoods in a creative way. Her video has helped inspire our video, through the use of music, interviews, images, and statistics. Not only did we use parts of her data but we her video has sparked ideas for ours.This source was really helpful because it gave me a different way of receiving data and information and continued to hold my attention.

15.Jacobson, Michael F., Lisa Y. Lefferts, and Anne Witte. Garland. Safe Food: Eating Wisely in a Risky World. Los Angeles: Living Planet, 1991. Print.

16.Kraft, Jessica Carew. “The Rapid Growth of GMO’s.” East Bay Express (2011): n. pag. Print.

In the article, “The Rapid Growth of GMO’s”,  found in the East Bay express, Kraft discusses GMO foods and describes their negative impacts on our health. Krafts purpose is to convince readers to reexamine the food they consume in an effort to purchase fresh and organic produce instead. In the definition essay, this source was used to depict the health consequences, East and West Oakland residents face by not having healthy food access. Krafts data and facts were extremely relevant towards illustrating our research on packaged and processed foods.

17.“Landing Page.” Black Panther Party Landmarks | Oakland Museum of California. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

18.“Leona Heights Oakland, CA Overview.” Leona Heights Oakland, CA Overview: Weichert, n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

19.Li, Roland. “Why I Moved to West San Francisco Business Times, Apr. 2015. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

The journal entry “Why I moved to West Oakland”, explains reasoning for living in West Oakland, a community with bad reputations. However, Roland’s purpose is to dismantle these stereotypes by depicting what life in Oakland is really like. Furthermore, he complains about the eating and dining options. His story of having to travel more than 2 miles to grocery stores that close before 5 pm, illustrates the circumstances people in food deserts undergo. This source was useful for exemplifying the dire need for more food choices for East and West Oakland residents.

20.Martinko, Katherine. “Public Housing Residents Told to Tear up Their Gardens.” TreeHugger. N.p., 06 June 2016. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

This source was helpful for looking at how people living in subsidized housing are often restricted from having their own gardens. This particular article talks about how residents in South Pittsburg, TN were being forced to remove their gardens because it was “dangerous” to the maintenance workers and a “hazard”. Because of this new  landscaping policy, people will no longer have access to fresh veggies or whatever else they were growing. This is a reliable source because they include lots of links and names of real places, and people.

21.News, Bay City. “East Oakland Finally Gets a Grocery Store.” NBC Bay Area. NBC Bay Area, 13 Jan. 2017. Web. 13 Jan. 2017.

In this article, NBC highlights the drastic issue of food deserts in Oakland. They are commemorating East Oakland’s first grocery store in the last 20 years. Their purpose is to inform Bay Area residents of Oakland’s new store which will provide more than 100 jobs and $50,000 in sales tax revenue. In my definition essay, I was able to reference this event the article describes, in an attempt to show readers, how desperately East and West oakland communities need grocery stores.

22.News, Bay City. “Large Grocery Retailer to Open Two Stores in East Oakland.” SFGate. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2017.

23.Oakland, West. Prod. Tasion Kwamilele. Oakland North / A Brief History of West Oakland. N.p., 31 May 2013. Web.

24.“Official Site for PepsiCo Beverage Information | Product.” Official Site for PepsiCo Beverage Information | Product. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

25.Phillips, Phoenix. “Snacks More Dangerous Than Flamin’ Hot Cheetos Takis.” Complex. N.p., 22 Nov. 2013. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

26. “Poverty a Leading Cause of Type 2 Diabetes, Studies Say.” Diabetes In Control. A Free Weekly Diabetes Newsletter for Medical Professionals. N.p., 23 Nov. 2010. Web. 16 Jan. 2017.

27.Rothkopf, Joanna. “Fast Food Chains Aggressively Market to Poor Black Kids.Salon. N.p., 13 Nov. 2014. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

28.Schell, Brittany. “Healthy Foods Bill Could Bring More Grocery Stores and Farmers.” Oakland North. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

29.Schell, Brittany. “The Pulse of Oakland By Brittany Schell.” The Pulse of Oakland. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

This article was extremely useful in our research as it covered a huge amount of material regarding food deserts and the effects they have on low income communities especially those living in East and West Oakland. She beging bay talking about the wealth gap and how it’s literally making people sick. Then goes on to talk about how there’s no choice when it comes to food deserts. Being stuck in the system and finally how we can change this huge issue. This is a reliable source because she puts sources to state where her facts come from.

30.”The Six Thousand Hidden Dangers of Processed Foods (and What to Choose Instead).All Body Ecology Articles. Body Ecology, 14 Nov. 2011. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

This article from Body Ecology was helpful in our research because it allowed us to explain why eating healthy matters. It demonstrates that we have different food options to chose from and that the healthier option always surpasses processed ones. It was important to include the health impacts because it allowed us to persuade our readers more strongly. Furthermore, helped illustrate why only corner and liquor stores are so detrimental to communities health. I trusted this source because of the hyperlinks and was able to compare data through other health media sources.

31.“3 Food Initiatives That Could Transform West Oakland’s Food Desert.” Bay Area Bites. BerkeleySide NOSH, 19 Mar. 2015. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

32.Tsai, Luke. “Food Justice Advocates Plot an Urban Garden Revolution in Oakland.” East Bay Express. East Bay Express, 31 Oct. 2016. Web. 19 Jan. 2017.

33.”West Oakland 99 Cents Only Store To Close By End Of Month.” Hoodline. N.p., 7 Jan. 2017. Web. 16 Jan. 2017.

In Hoodline’s article, they confirm that one out of very few West Oakland stores will close. Their 99 Cent Only Store is an important source of cheap goods and offers a small selection of food. However, because a significant portion of residents must travel more than a mile to a grocery store, the 99 Cent Store is the only options for many families. Hoodlines purpose is to inform local Oaklanders of the new transition and to also demonstrate that their must be more food options. Although this article was not referenced often, their purpose falls in line with NBC’s article on the opening of a East Oakland grocery store after 20 years. This is a reliable source because Hoodline is a local Oakland run blog.

34. “Who We Are.” Hope Collaborative. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

One Comment Add yours

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s