Annotated Works Cited: Drones

“Afghanistan civilian casualties.” Theguardian. Guardian News and Media Limited, 2016. Web.18 Jan. 2017. This data blog shows the civilian casualties in Afghanistan during 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2013. Bar and pie graphs show statistics on the deaths of civilians by IEDs, anti-government forces (Taliban/insurgent forces), and pro-government forces(Government/American forces). The graphs also show the number of injuries to civilians of Afghanistan. This blog is relevant to our project because it compares deaths by different military forces and weapons.

Alchin, Linda. “Inventions in the 1920’s.” Siteseen Ltd., 2016. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Bowman, Tom. “The Rise Of The Drone, And The Thorny Questions That Have Followed.” NPR. NPR, 8 Sept. 2016. Web. 13 Jan. 2017.

Callam, Andrew. “Drone Wars: Armed Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.” International Affairs Review. George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs , 2010. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Coll, Steve. Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001. New York: Penguin, 2004. Print.

Craig, Tim. “Drone kills Taliban chief Hakimullah Mehsud; Pakistan accuses U.S. of derailing peace talks.” The Washington Post. The Conversation US, Inc., 25 June 2014. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Crist, Ry. “At CES, Flying Drones Are Alarm.com’s Home Security Moonshot.” CNET CES. CNET, 03 Jan. 2017. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Defense Industry Daily staff. “US Hellfire Missile Orders, FY 2011-2016.” Defense Industry

Daily. Defense Industry Daily, LLC, 16 May 2016. Web. 18 Jan. 2017. Defense Industry Daily explains the complex arms deals governments make with arms dealers. This article explains the current and past government deals for Hell-fire missiles. Along with showing a timeline of deals for Hell-fire missile Defense Industry Daily explains the different types of Hell-fire missiles and their applications. This helped us understand what MQ drones actually used to obliterate targets.

“Different Types of Drones and Their Uses.” UAVtechnics. UAVtechnics, 19 Jan. 2016. Web. 12 Jan. 2017. This article speaks on the different types of drones used in war, and their pros/cons. UAV technics expresses the use of each predator drone and the downfalls that each one has. This site basically works as a drone reference page to keep track of the qualities of the individual drones. This article was useful to us because it vividly described the attributes of each type of Military UAV.

“The Dronefather.” The Economist. The Economist Newspaper Limited, 01 Dec. 2012. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

“Essay: The Historical Rise of the Predator Drone.” Understanding Empire. WordPress.com, 28 Oct. 2012. Web. 14 Jan. 2017.

“The Rise Of The Drone, And The Thorny Questions That Have Followed” NPR. NPR, Web. 12 Jan. 2017. The rise of the drone article is another resource that explains the origin of drones in America, introducing the practice of UAV surveillance. This article also in detail describes the first ever drone strike made by the U.S. Navy. In NPR’s description of the drone it is described as a useful part of the military in a way that is almost glorifying. Ultimately, this source was quite insightful as it provided our group with valuable examples of drone warfare.

“Drones: What are they and how do they work?” BBC. BBC News, 31 Jan. 2012.Web. 13 Jan. 2017. This BBC article explains the creation of drones for military use and the problems faced within making them. In the early production of UAVs their presence remained a secret until Obama came to office. After the public was made aware of drone technology they began to rise in popularity. This source basically sums up the attributes of having a drone, which to anyone without prior knowledge is quite useful.

The editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Al-Qaeda.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 14 Oct. 2016. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.This article provides a description and history of the Islamic militant organization,al-Qaeda. We found this information to be important due to the fact that drone use increased significantly after the attacks of 9/11, which were orchestrated by al-Qaeda. The editors of Encyclopædia Britannica wrote this effectively by incorporating a great amount of detail while seemingly remaining unbiased.

The editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Afghanistan War 2001-2014.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 14 Oct. 2016. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

The editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Iraq War 2003-2011.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 14 Oct. 2016. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

The editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Osama bin Laden.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 7 June 2011. Web. 11 Jan. 2017.

“FAQ About 9/11.” 9/11 Memorial & Museum. National September 11 Memorial & Museum, 2016. Web. 10 Jan. 2017.

Finn, Peter. “Rise of the drone: From Calif. garage to multibillion-dollar defense industry.” The Washington Post. The Washington Post, 23 Dec. 2011. Web. 10 Jan. 2017.In this article, author Peter Finn describes the career of Abraham Karem as it took off for the U.S. government. He also includes details about the growing popularity of drones. This matters because the significant amount of drones being used today is creating issues, of which we discuss in our essays. Due to the fact that Finn incorporated so many quotes, statistics, and sources, we are lead to believe that this article was highly researched by the author.

Friedersdorf, Conor. “The Obama Administration’s Drone Strike Dissembling.” The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company. 14 Mar. 2016. Web. 13 Jan. 2017.

“General Atomics Aeronautical MQ-1L Predator No. 3034 — first to strike after 9-11.” Travel for Aircraft. WordPress.com, 27 Apr. 2012. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

“General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc., MQ-1L Predator A.” Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. National Air and Space Museum, 2000. Web. 18 Jan. 2017. This article on the first predator drone, speaks on how the machine worked against enemy soldiers. The drone works on satellite control, displaying real time video of the ground below, insuring safety for the navy. This article was useful to our studies and overall judgment of UAVs.

“GLOSSARY/Abbreviations.” Voodoo World, 2012. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

Gregory, Derek. “Theory of the drone 12: ‘Killing well?’” geographical imaginations. WordPress.com, 18 Dec. 2013. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

History.com staff. “9/11 Attacks.” History. A+E Television Networks, LLC, 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2017.

“The History Of Drone Technology.” redOrbit. redOrbit.com, Web. 13 Jan. 2017. This article on drones is essentially a timeline of the integration of UAV technology. Specifically,This website explains where this form of aerial warfare stems from, exceeding past the boundaries of more than America. This source was relevant to our topic because it shared background of the drone and important landmarks made in history.

Horgan, John. “The Drones Come Home.” National Geographic. National Geographic Society, Mar. 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

“How To Launch Nuclear Missile*The National Security Presidential Directive 28 (NSPD-28).” YouTube. YouTube, 2 Nov. 2014. Web. 16 Jan. 2017.

Jazeera, Al. “Do drone strikes create more terrorists than they kill?” Upfront. Al Jazeera Media Network, 23 Oct. 2015. Web. 18 Jan 2017.This news debate between Journalist Glenn Greenwald and Professor Christine Fair talks about US Drone use in middle eastern countries. Greenwald, who has reported on and been to many of the nations in question, argues that the people do not appreciate the strikes and that in fact the strikes convince more men to join extremist groups. Fair on the other hand argues that the strikes are appreciated and that the strikes help suppress extremist movements. The video is also followed by interesting statistics from the leaked Drone Papers and the former head of CIA counterterrorism center.

Long, Stephen. “H-Diplo Article Review 669 on ‘The Eagle Comes Home to Roost: The Historical Origins of the CIA’s Lethal Drone Program.” Intelligence and National Security 30:6 (December 2015).’” H-Net: Humanities & Social Sciences Online. Intelligence and National Security 30:6, 13 Dec. 2016. Web. 16 Jan. 2017.

Lozano, Sharon. “First Steps Toward Drone Traffic Management.” NASA. NASA, 19 Nov. 2015. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Mashal, Mujib. “Taliban Chief Targeted by Drone Strike in Pakistan, Signaling a U.S. Shift.” The New York Times. The New York Times Company, 22 May 2016. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

McDonald, Andy. “9 Reasons Drones Are Actually Awesome.” The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc., 22 Nov. 2013. In this article, author Andy McDonald lists nine reasons why drones are a beneficial technology. It is clear that McDonald is biased towards the use of drones as he provides far more examples of their advantages than any harm they could potentially cause. This source provided us with insight as to why drones are such a highly desired commodity in current times. Furthermore, the author provided the links to several other sources in order to further legitimize his argument.

Miller, Greg. “CIA flew stealth drones into Pakistan to monitor bin Laden house.” The Washington Post. The Washington Post, 17 May 2011. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

“M-Q 9 Reaper.” U.S. Air Force. United States Air Force, 23 Sept. 2015. Web. 18 Jan. 2017. This US Air Force (USAF) fact sheet displays the MQ-9 Reaper drone. The article describes the general features, missions, and background of the MQ-9 Reaper and gives stats of its general characteristics. This USAF article is very informative about the MQ-9 Reaper drone and how it works. It also gives the reader a good sense of the size MQ-9 Reaper with its in depth description and photographs.

Nath, Trevir. “How Drones Are Changing The Business World.” Investopedia. Investopedia, LLC, 6 Jan. 2015. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Press TV. “Obama Ordered Ten Times More Drone Strikes than Bush.” GlobalResearch. GlobalResearch.ca, 10 Sept. 2015. Web. 18 Jan. 2017. This article exposes how many drone strikes the Obama Administration has ordered. It explains how these strikes are controversial. In fact, according to the article the UN has called out against these drone strikes because of the high civilian death toll. The article also describes how hard it is for drone operators to verify whether a person is a threat or not through an interview with a US drone operator.

Proxydynamics.com. “PD-100 PRS.” Proxydynamics, 2017. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

Roggio, Bill. “USS Cole bomber killed in US drone strike in Yemen.” FDD’s Long War Journal. Public Multimedia Inc. 6 May 2012. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Scheve, Tom. “How the M-Q 9 Reaper Works.” Science. HowStuffWorks, 2017. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

Shane, Scott. “Drone Strike Statistics Answer Few Questions, and Raise Many.” The New York Times. The New York Times Company, 3 July 2016. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

“Should the United States Continue Its Use of Drone Strikes Abroad?” ProCon.org. ProCon.org, 14 Sep. 2016. Web. 16 Jan. 2017.

Siftin, John. “A Brief History of Drones.” N. The Nation, 7 Feb. 2012. Web, 16 Jan. 2017.

Suebsaeng, Asawin. “Drones: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know But Were Always Afraid to Ask.” MotherJones. Mother Jones and the Foundation for National Progress, 5 Mar. 2015. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

“Taliban.” English Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford University Press, 2017. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

Thompson, Cadie. “The US military is testing $40,000 surveillance drones that can fit in the palm of your hand.” Tech Insider. Business Insider Inc., 2 June 2015. Web. 12 Jan. 2017. This article illustrates the purpose of an extremely small, “bug-like” drone designed by U.S. Special Forces. At the time this article was written in 2015, the device hadn’t yet been completed. However, as of 2017, it is available commercially. The author writes about several positive qualities associated with this technology. She also includes various sources and media that highlight the authenticity of her article.

Thompson, Mark. “Obama Slows Down U.S. Troop Pullout from Afghanistan.” Time. Time Inc., 6 July 2016. Web. 18 Jan. 2017. This Times article and video footage discusses Obama’s attempts to pull troops out of Afghanistan. Although Obama has already pulled most troops out of Afghanistan, he will still have over 50% of the amount of troops he planned to have in the country by the end of his second term. This is relevant to our project because as the number of troops in Afghanistan decreases the number of drone strikes increase.

“Unmanned and unmatched: the world’s deadliest drones.” army-technology.com. Kable, 20 Jan. 2016. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

“US Drone Strikes in Afghanistan Casualties 2015.” Areppim AG, 2017. Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

Whitlock, Craig. “When Drones Fall from the Sky.” The Washington Post. The Washington Post,20 June 2014. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

Whittle, Richard. “The Man Who Invented the Predator.” Air & Space Smithsonian. Smithsonian

Institution, Apr. 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.This article details the successes of aerospace engineer Abraham Karem as he began his work for the United States government in the 1980’s. This source was relevant to our research because Karem pioneered the first drone ever to be used in combat. The author, Richard Whittle, includes several facts and statistics about various operations Karem was involved in. This demonstrated accuracy and close attention to detail, which encouraged us to include this as a relevant source.

“World of Drones: Military.” International Security. New America. Web. 12 Jan. 2017.

“Drones fly, children die’: US activists launch massive anti-drone campaign.”  RT International Web.  4 Apr, 2013 Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

“RECREATIONAL USERS”  Know Before You Fly Know Before You Fly Web. 18 Jan. 2017.

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